Jews crossed the Alps and settled in Moncalvo, Piedmont, in 1394 after being expelled from France.
Historically, Moncalvo was a rural locality with a Jewish center. Although the community was mainly of French origin, a small group arrived from Spain in 1492.
In 1732 a ghetto was established near the town's castle. The synagogue in Moncalvo was restored in 1860 when an entrance was created in the main square (no. 29 Castello), thus eliminating the pre-emancipation anonymous façade.